Stop Smoking Before Surgery A You Tube video from the American Society of Anesthesiologists

Stop Smoking Before Surgery A Web site from the American Society of Anesthesiologists

The Fagerstrom test – this test helps you decide how addicted you are to cigarettes


Smoker's Helpline From the Canadian Cancer Society. Lots of resources and access to trained quit coaches.
Also available as a toll free number, 1 877 513-5333

American Resources List from the National Cancer Institute


The role of anesthesiologists in promoting smoking cessation Editorial in Canadian Journal of Anesthesiology by Dr. John Oyston

Perioperative Smoking Risk Editorial in Anesthesiology

ASA Stop Smoking Initiative for Providers Web site from the American Society of Anesthesiologists



Stop Smoking for Safer Surgery Ontario's Anesthesiologists' Poster

Cut out cigarettes before your surgery (by Dr. Oyston)

Preparing for Surgery From the Canadian Anesthesiologists Society

QUIT CARD – information about a card you can hand out to smokers to remind them of the importance of quitting smoking before surgery and links to resources to help them quit.


Stopping Smoking Before Surgery : Advantages and Issues (by Dr. Oyston)

ASA Provider power point – why anesthesiologists should help patients stop smoking

Stop Smoking for Safer Surgery: The politics of making a change (by Dr. Oyston)


Chang DW, Reece GP, Wang B; Robb GL, Miller MJ, Evans GR, Langstein HN, Kroll SS. Effect of Smoking on Complications in Patients Undergoing Free TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: June 2000 - Volume 105 - Issue 7 - pp 2374-2380

Christen WG, Manson JE, Seddon JM, Glynn RJ, Buring JE, Rosner B, Hennekens CH. A prospective study of cigarette smoking and risk of cataract in men. JAMA. 1992 Aug 26;268(8):989-93.

Cole CW, Hill GB, Farzad E, Bouchard A, Moher D, Rody K, Shea B. Cigarette smoking and peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Surgery 1993;114:753-757.

Crouse JR, Hagaman AP Smoking cessation in relation to cardiac procedures. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Oct 1;134(7):699-703.

Danaei G, Ding EL, Mozaffarian D, Taylor B, Rehm J, et al. 2009 The Preventable Causes of Death in the United States: Comparative Risk Assessment of Dietary, Lifestyle, and Metabolic Risk Factors. PLoS Med 6(4): e1000058. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000058

Glassman SD, Anagnost SC, Parker A, Burke D, Johnson JR, Dimar JR. The effect of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation on spinal fusion. Spine 2000 Oct 15;25(20):2608-15.

Gonzalez, D et al Varenicline, an α4β2 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Partial Agonist, vs Sustained-Release Bupropion and Placebo for Smoking CessationA Randomized Controlled Trial JAMA.2006;296(1):47-55. doi: 10.1001/jama.296.1.47

Howe GR, Burch JD, Miller AB, Cook GM, Esteve J, Morrison B, Gordon P, Chambers LW, Fodor G, Winsor GM. Tobacco use, occupation, coffee, various nutrients, and bladder cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1980 Apr;64(4):701-13.

Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, et al. Smoking and fracture risk: a meta-analysis Osteoporosis International Volume 16, Number 2, 155-162, DOI: 10.1007/s00198-004-1640-3

Karim A, Pandit H, Murray J, Wandless F, Thomas NP. Smoking and reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Aug;88(8):1027-31.

Katznelson, R and Scott Beattie, W Perioperative Smoking Risk Anesthesiology, 2011;114:734

Makomaski Illing EM, Kaiserman MJ. Mortality attributable to tobacco use in Canada and its regions, 1998. Can J Public Health 2004; 95(1):38-44

Møller AM, Pedersen T, Villebro N, Munksgaard A. Effect of smoking on early complications after elective orthopaedic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003 Mar;85(2):178-81.

Møller AM, Villebro N, Pedersen T, Tønnesen H. Effect of preoperative smoking intervention on postoperative complications: a randomised clinical trial. Lancet. 2002 Jan 12;359(9301):114-7.

Natural Resources Canada The Atlas of Canada: Smoking Available from this Website

Ottawa Model for Smoking Cessation. About OMSC. Available from this Website

Oyston JP The role of anesthesiologists in promoting smoking cessation. Canadian Journal Anesth Sep 2011 DOI: 10.1007/s12630-011-9552-0

Parrott S, Godfrey C ABC of smoking cessation: Economics of smoking cessation. British Medical Journal 2004;328:947–9

Shi Y, Warner DO. Surgery as a teachable moment for smoking cessation. Anesthesiology. 2010 Jan;112(1):102-7.

Sorensen, LT, Karlsmark T, and Gottrup F. Abstinence From Smoking Reduces Incisional Wound Infection. A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Surg. 2003 July; 238(1): 1–5.

Taylor DH, Hasselblad V, Henley SJ, Thun MT, and Sloan FA Benefits of Smoking Cessation for Longevity Am J Public Health, Jun 2002; 92: 990 - 996.

Thomsen T, Villebro N, Møller AM Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jul 7;(7):CD002294.

Turan, A, Mascha EJ, Roberman, D et al. Smoking and Perioperative Outcomes. Anesthesiology, 2011;114:837-46

Warner, David O. Perioperative Abstinence from Cigarettes: Physiologic and Clinical onsequences Anesthesiology, 2006 ; 104 : 356-367

Woehlck HJ, Connolly, LA, Cinquegrani MP, Dunning MB and Hoffmann RG. Acute Smoking Increases ST Depression in Humans During General Anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1999;89:856–60